To use a keyboard shortcut, press and hold one or more modifier keys and then press the last key of the shortcut. For example, to use Command-C (copy), press and hold the Command key, then the C key, then release both keys. Mac menus and keyboards often use symbols for certain keys, including modifier keys:
- Command (or Cmd) ⌘
- Shift ⇧
- Option (or Alt) ⌥
- Control (or Ctrl) ⌃
- Caps Lock ⇪
On keyboards made for Windows PCs, use the Alt key instead of Option, and the Ctrl key or Windows logo key instead of Command.
Some keys on some Apple keyboards have special symbols and functions, such as for display brightness , keyboard brightness , and more. If these functions aren’t available on your keyboard, you might be able to reproduce some of them by creating your own keyboard shortcuts. To use these keys as F1, F2, F3, or other standard function keys, combine them with the Fn key.
- CTRL + CMD + Q = LOCK SCREEN
- CMD + SHIFT + Q = LOGOUT
- CMD + SPACEBAR = SPOTLIGHT
- CMD + SHIFT + 3 = SCREEN SHOT
- CMD + H = HIDE ANY OPENED WINDOW
- OPT + CMD + H = TO HIDE ALL APP WINDOWS EXCEPT FOR THE ONE IN FRONT
- CMD + SHIFT + 4 = CROP SCREEN AREA
- CMD + L = URL ADDRESS BAR
- CMD + T = OPEN NEW TAB
- CMD + TAB = SHOW OPENED APPS
- SHIFT + CMD + T = REOPEN CLOSED TAPS WITHIN THE BROWSER YOU WERE ON
- CMD + N = NEW BROWSER WINDOW
- CMD + SHIFT + TAB = OPEN NEW TAB
- CMD + DELETE = MOVE TO TRASH
- OPT + CMD + V = MOVE FILES
- CMD + M = MINIMIZE APP
- CTRL + CMD + SHIFT +4 = COPY SELECTED SELECTION TO CLIPBOARD
- CMD + F3 = SHOW DESKTOP OF F11
- SHIFT + CMD + G = TYPE THIS IN THE BOX ~/Library/Caches and then select User and then select all the temps files and delete them or move to trash
Credit to: Nelson Aguilar
1. Cycle through all the open windows on your desktop
The keyboard shortcut Command-Tab allows you to quickly step through every app window open on your desktop. As long as the window is open on your desktop and not minimized in your dock, holding down the Command-Tab combination will bring up a window with all your open apps. Continue holding down Command as you tap the Tab key to cycle through the apps and let go when the app you want brought to the front is highlighted.
2. Hide the window that’s currently open on your desktop
Instead of minimizing your window with the yellow minus button up in the top left corner, you can quickly hide any window that’s open on your desktop with the Command-H shortcut. Unlike minimizing, the hide keyboard shortcut hides the window from both your desktop and dock, without closing it completely. To open the window back up, simply click the app icon in either your dock or elsewhere. And if you want to hide all app windows except for the one in front, you can use Option-Command-H.
3. Bring up Spotlight to search for files and apps on your computer
Spotlight search is one of the Mac’s most powerful features. Bring up the search bar and type whatever you want to search for, such as text messages, emails, documents, applications, notes, music, settings, movies or locations. You can use the magnifying glass in the menu bar to bring up Spotlight search, but this keyboard shortcut is at your fingertips: Command-spacebar.
4. Highlight the URL in your web browser to quickly share it
Usually, if you’re sharing a web address you double-click in the search bar and then copy the selected text to your clipboard. However, there’s a faster way to do this: use Command-L. This will immediately highlight whatever is in the address bar in Safari, Chrome or another web browser, whether it’s something you typed or the URL of the website you’re on. You can then hit Command-C to copy it so you can paste it elsewhere.
5. Reopen any closed tabs in the Safari web browser
You may be familiar with Command-T in Safari, which opens a new tab, but there’s also a shortcut that can reopen an accidentally closed tab. Simply hit Command-Shift-T and you’ll recover whatever tab you most recently closed. And if you’ve closed several tabs and want to recover all of them, you can continue pressing the Command-Shift-T shortcut to open multiple closed tabs.
6. Open something new in various native Apple applications
The Command-N keyboard shortcut is not nearly used enough. While it’s almost universally known for opening up a new window in many popular applications, on your Mac the Command-N shortcut can open a new email in Mail, a text message in iMessage, a window in Safari, a note in Notes, an event in Calendar and more. Try it out in your favorite apps and see what Command-N can open for you.
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